Original Name : Canaan Dog
Type : Lupoid
Other Names : Canaan, Kelev K'naani
Male size : 19½-23½ inches
Male weight : 39½-55 lbs
Female size : 19½-23½ inches
Female weight : 39½-55 lbs
Degree of grooming :
Countries of origin : Israel
Alert, quick to react, and distrustful of strangers, Canaan Dogs are strongly defensive but not naturally aggressive. They are extraordinarily devoted to their owner, docile and easy to train, vigilant toward humans and other animals.
Well proportioned, shaped like a blunt wedge, seeming broader due to the low set ears.
Square with prominent withers, level back, muscular loins and deep, moderately broad chest.
Sandy to red-brown, white, black or spotted, with or without mask.
Pricked and relatively short and broad, lightly rounded at the tip.
Set high, well furnished with brush hair, carried curled over the back.
Close, harsh, straight topcoat of short or medium length.
The Jewish paramilitary organization, Haganah, in the Palestine Mandate (roughly present-day Israel and Jordan) commissioned Dr. Rudolphina Menzel to breed a dog for operational use in the 1930s. As breeding stock she used the pariah dogs that roamed the settlements, producing a versatile dog that could guard, patrol and assist the Red Cross. The breed was eventually recognized by the F.C.I. in 1966. These medium-sized square animals are well balanced and strong, resembling wild dogs. There is a marked difference between the sexes.Canaan Dogs are morphologically and historically related to pariah or primitive dogs, like the Dingo in Australia and Southeast Asia.
Canaan Dogs belong to the only Israeli breed recognized by the major dog federations. Nowadays, it is also found in the United States and several European countries.