Original Name : Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
Type : Lupoid
Male size : 18-20 inches
Female size : 17-19 inches
Degree of grooming :
Countries of origin : Australia
These well proportioned dogs, rather square in form, have a hard-bitten, rugged appearance. They are substantial enough to inspire confidence in their ability to endure long periods of arduous work in any conditions.Stumpy Tails are loyal, courageous and devoted dogs with a natural aptitude for working and controlling cattle. They are always alert, watchful and obedient, somewhat suspicious of strangers. They must be amenable to handling in the show ring at all times.
Broad between the ears and flat, narrowing slightly toward the eyes. Light but distinct stop.
The length of the body from the point of the sternum to the point of the buttocks must be equal to the height at the withers.
Moderately small, pricked and almost pointed. Set high but well apart.
Undocked. Naturally, it should be longer than 4 inches.
Topcoat of moderately short, straight, dense and medium rough hair. The undercoat is short, dense and gentle.
As implied by the name, the breed’s main job is controlling and herding cattle. Stumpy Tails do so both in wide-open spaces and confined areas, even in the most demanding conditions. They are always alert, exceptionally intelligent, vigilant, courageous and trustworthy. Their complete devotion to duty make them the ideal cattle dog.Stumpy Tails have a long history in Australia and were carefully bred for herding cattle in the early 19th century. There are two schools of thought as to the founder of the breed. The first claims it to be Thomas Simpson Hall, who crossed herding dogs from the north of England, Smithfields, with indigenous Australian dingoes to create the first antipodean sheepdog, Hall’s Heeler, around 1830. The second version argues that a drover by the name of Timmins of Bathurst, New South Wales, crossed a Smithfield with a dingo in 1830. The progeny, red short-tailed dogs, were known as Timmins Biters. They were formidable workers, but proved ruthless with the livestock. Another cross was needed. A smooth-haired blue merle Collie was introduced, producing an outstanding all-round dog, the ancestor of the Stumpy Tail we know today.
Generally, Stumpy Tails were bred in the Australian outback and only a small number were registered in the stud books. In 2001, this longstanding breed was renamed the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog.